The effectiveness of instructional
practices for first-grade math
Paul L. Morgan, George Farkas, and Steve Maczuga,
"Which Instructional Practices Most Help First-Grade Students With and Without Mathematics Difficulties?,"
Education Evaluation and Policy Analysis vol. 37 no. 2 (June 2015).
First-grade teachers in the United States may need to increase their use of teacher-directed instruction if they are to raise the mathematics achievement of students with MD.